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indicator value unit
Population 7.9 mil.
Visitors per year 8.6 mil.
Renewable energy 20.5 %

How’s Life?

Switzerland performs very well in many measures of well-being relative to most other countries in the Better Life Index. Switzerland ranks above the average in subjective well-being, jobs and earnings income and wealth, health status, social connections, environmental quality, education and skills, and personal security, but ranks below average in civic engagement.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Switzerland, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is USD 33 491 a year, more than the OECD average of USD 25 908 a year. But there is a considerable gap between the richest and poorest – the top 20% of the population earn more than four times as much as the bottom 20%.

In terms of employment, 80% of people aged 15 to 64 in Switzerland have a paid job, above the OECD employment average of 65%, and one of the highest rates in the OECD. Some 85% of men are in paid work, compared with 74% of women. 

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In Switzerland, 86% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, higher than the OECD average of 75%. This is truer of men than women, as 89% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 84% of women. In terms of the quality of its educational system, the average student scored 518 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). This score is higher than the OECD average of 497. On average in Switzerland, girls outperformed boys by 6 points, less than the average OECD gap of 8 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Switzerland is almost 83 years, three years higher than the OECD average of 80 years, and one of the highest in the OECD. Life expectancy for women is 85 years, compared with 81 for men. The level of atmospheric PM10 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 19.8 micrograms per cubic meter in large urban areas, slightly less than the 20.1 micrograms OECD average. Switzerland performs better in terms of water quality, as 96% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, compared with an OECD average of 81%%, and one of the highest rates in the OECD.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and a moderate level of civic participation in Switzerland, where 96% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, higher than the OECD average of 88%, and the highest figure in the OECD. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens’ participation in the political process, was 49% during recent elections. This figure is the lowest rate in the OECD, where average turnout is 72%, due to the high frequency of elections in the country. Voter turnout for the top 20% of the population is an estimated 61% and for the bottom 20% it is an estimated 43%, a broader difference than the OECD average gap of 13 percentage points.

In general, people in Switzerland are more satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, Swiss people gave it a 7.5 grade, one of the highest scores in the OECD, where average life satisfaction is 6.6.For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

Mental Health and Work: Switzerland

Tackling mental ill-health of the working-age population is becoming a key issue for labour market and social policies in OECD countries. OECD's 2014 report on Switzerland looks at how the broader education, health, social and labour market policy challenges are being tackled.

Read this report

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Switzerland in Detail