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indicator value unit
Population 0.5 mil.
Visitors per year 0.8 mil.
Renewable energy 2.93 %

How’s Life?

Luxembourg performs well in many measures of well-being, as shown by the fact that it ranks among the top countries in several topics in the Better Life Index.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Luxembourg, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is 35 635 USD per year, much higher than the OECD average of 23 938 USD a year.

In terms of employment, nearly 66% of people aged 15 to 64 in Luxembourg have a paid job, slightly above the OECD employment average of 65%. Some 72% of men are in paid work, compared with 59% of women. People in Luxembourg work 1 609 hours a year, less than the OECD average of 1 765 hours. Close to 3% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 9%, with 4% of men working very long hours compared with just 2% for women.

Having a good education is an important requisite for finding a job. In Luxembourg, 77% of adults aged 25-64 have earned the equivalent of a high-school degree, slightly more than the OECD average of 75%. This is truer of men than women, as 79% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 75% of women. In terms of the quality of the education system, the average student scored 490 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), lower than the OECD average of 497. Although girls outperformed boys in many OECD countries, in Luxembourg boys scored 3 points higher than girls on average. 

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Luxembourg is 81 years, one year higher than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 84 years, compared with 79 for men. The level of atmospheric PM10 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 12.5 micrograms per cubic meter, considerably lower than the OECD average of 20.1 micrograms per cubic meter. Luxembourg could perform better in terms of water quality, as 81% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, compared with an OECD average of 84%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and high levels of civic participation in Luxembourg, where 88% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, slightly lower than the OECD average of 89%. Voter turnout, a measure of public trust in government and of citizens’ participation in the political process, was 91% during recent elections, much higher than the OECD average of 72% and one of the highest in the OECD.

In general, people in Luxembourg are less satisfied with their lives than the OECD average, with 68% of people saying they have more positive experiences in an average day (feelings of rest, pride in accomplishment, enjoyment, etc.) than negative ones (pain, worry, sadness, boredom, etc.). This figure is lower than the OECD average of 76%.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.

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