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indicator value unit
Population 0.5 mil.
Visitors per year 0.9 mil.
Renewable energy 3.2 %

How’s Life?

Luxembourg performs well in many measures of well-being relative to most other countries in the Better Life Index. Luxembourg ranks above the average in income and wealth, social connections, civic engagement, jobs and earnings, work-life balance, personal security, subjective well-being, health status, environmental quality, and housing, but below average in education and skills.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Luxembourg, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is much higher than the OECD average of USD 29 016 a year.

In terms of employment, nearly 67% of people aged 15 to 64 in Luxembourg have a paid job, slightly above the OECD employment average of 66%. Some 73% of men are in paid work, compared with 61% of women. In Luxembourg, 3% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 13%, with 5% of men working very long hours compared with just 1% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In Luxembourg, 82% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, more than the OECD average of 76%. This is truer of men than women, as 84% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 80% of women. In terms of the quality of the education system, the average student scored 490 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), lower than the OECD average of 497. Although girls outperformed boys in many OECD countries, in Luxembourg boys scored 3 points higher than girls on average. 

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Luxembourg is 82 years, two years higher than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 84 years, compared with 80 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 15 micrograms per cubic meter, higher than the OECD average of 14.05 micrograms per cubic meter. Luxembourg does well in terms of water quality, as 85% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, compared with an OECD average of 81%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and high levels of civic participation in Luxembourg, where 93% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, higher than the OECD average of 88%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 91% during recent elections, much higher than the OECD average of 68% and one of the highest in the OECD.

In general, people in Luxembourg are more satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, people in Luxembourg gave it a 6.7 grade, higher than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Surveys Luxembourg 2015

This OECD Economic Survey of Luxembourg examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. Special chapters cover of the financial sector and diversification of the economy.

Read this chapter

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Luxembourg in Detail