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indicator value unit
Population 0.5 mil.
Visitors per year 0.9 mil.
Renewable energy 3.2 %

How’s Life?

Luxembourg performs well in many measures of well-being relative to most other countries in the Better Life Index. Luxembourg ranks above the average in income and wealth, social connections, civic engagement, jobs and earnings, work-life balance, personal security, subjective well-being, health status, environmental quality, and housing, but below average in education and skills. These rankings are based on available selected data.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Luxembourg, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is much higher than the OECD average of USD 30 563 a year.

In terms of employment, about 66% of people aged 15 to 64 in Luxembourg have a paid job, slightly below the OECD employment average of 67%. Some 71% of men are in paid work, compared with 60% of women. In Luxembourg, almost 4% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 13%, with 6% of men working very long hours compared with just 1% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In Luxembourg, 79% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, higher than the OECD average of 74%. This is truer of men than women, as 80% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 78% of women. In terms of the quality of the education system, the average student scored 483 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), lower than the OECD average of 486. On average in Luxembourg, girls outperformed boys by 1 point, slightly lower than the average OECD gap of 2 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Luxembourg is 82 years, two years higher than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 85 years, compared with 80 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 12.2 micrograms per cubic meter, lower than the OECD average of 13.9 micrograms per cubic meter. Luxembourg does well in terms of water quality, as 85% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, higher than the OECD average of 81%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and high levels of civic participation in Luxembourg, where 92% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, more than the OECD average of 89%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 91% during recent elections. This figure is  one of the highest in the OECD, where the average is69%, and reflects the practice of compulsory voting in Luxembourg.

In general, people in Luxembourg are more satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, people in Luxembourg gave it a 6.9 grade on average, higher than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Surveys Luxembourg 2017

Luxembourg’s economic performance is robust thanks to its dynamic services sector, sound fiscal policies and openness to global talent. The pace of job creation is strong and benefits not only residents but also cross-border workers and immigrants.

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Luxembourg in Detail