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indicator value unit
Population 0.5 mil.
Visitors per year 0.8 mil.
Renewable energy 2.93 %

How’s Life?

Luxembourg performs very well in many measures of well-being, as shown by the fact that it ranks among the top countries in several topics in the Better Life Index.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Luxembourg, the average household net-adjusted disposable income is higher than the OECD average of 23 047 USD a year.

In terms of employment, nearly 65% of people aged 15 to 64 in Luxembourg have a paid job, slightly below the OECD employment average of 66%. Some 72% of men are in paid work, compared with 57% of women. People in Luxembourg work 1 601 hours a year, less than the OECD average of 1 776 hours. Close to 3% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 9%, with 4% of men working very long hours compared with just 1% for women.

Having a good education is an important requisite for finding a job. In Luxembourg, 78% of adults aged 25-64 have earned the equivalent of a high-school degree, slightly more than the OECD average of 74%. This is truer of men than women, as 81% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 75% of women. In terms of the quality of the education system, the average student scored 482 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD’s Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), lower than the OECD average of 497. On average in Luxembourg, girls outperformed boys by 4 points, less than the average OECD gap of 9 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Luxembourg is 81 years, one year higher than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 84 years, compared with 79 for men. The level of atmospheric PM10 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 13 micrograms per cubic meter, considerably lower than the OECD average of 21 micrograms per cubic meter. Luxembourg also does well in terms of water quality, as 87% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, compared with an OECD average of 84%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and high levels of civic participation in Luxembourg, where 91% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, slightly higher than the OECD average of 90%. Voter turnout, a measure of public trust in government and of citizens’ participation in the political process, was 91% during recent elections, much higher than the OECD average of 72%.

In general, people in Luxembourg are more satisfied with their lives than the OECD average, with 83% of people saying they have more positive experiences in an average day (feelings of rest, pride in accomplishment, enjoyment, etc) than negative ones (pain, worry, sadness, boredom, etc). This figure is slightly higher than the OECD average of 80%.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Outlook 2013: Luxembourg

This chapter on Luxembourg provides major economic trends and prospects for the next two years.

Read this chapter

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Luxembourg in Detail