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indicator value unit
Population 2.1 mil.
Visitors per year 2.2 mil.
Renewable energy 13.9 %

How’s Life?

Slovenia performs well in some measures of well-being in the Better Life Index. Slovenia ranks above the average in housing, health status, social connections, education and skills, work-life balance, environmental quality, and personal security. It is below average in income and wealth, job and earnings, civic engagement, and subjective well-being. These rankings are based on available selected data.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Slovenia, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is USD 20 505 a year, lower than the OECD average of USD 30 563 a year. There is a considerable gap between the richest and poorest – the top 20% of the population earn close to four times as much as the bottom 20%.

In terms of employment, 66% of people aged 15 to 64 in Slovenia have a paid job, slightly below the 67% OECD employment average. Some 69% of men are in paid work, compared with 63% of women. In Slovenia, nearly 5% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 13%, with 6% of men working very long hours compared with just 3% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In Slovenia, 87% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, higher than the OECD average of 74%. This is truer of men than women, as 89% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 86% of women. In terms of the quality of the educational system, the average student scored 509 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), more than the OECD average of 486 points. On average in Slovenia, girls outperformed boys by 15 points, much higher than the average OECD gap of 2 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Slovenia is 81 years, one year higher than the OECD average. Life expectancy for women is 84 years, compared with 78 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 16.0 micrograms per cubic meter, higher than the OECD average of 13.9 micrograms per cubic meter. Slovenia performs better in terms of water quality, as 89% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, considerably higher than the OECD average of 81%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and a moderate level of civic participation in Slovenia, where 91% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, broadly in line with the OECD average of 89%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 52% during recent elections. This figure is lower than the OECD average of 69% and one of the lowest in the OECD. Social and economic status can affect voting rates; voter turnout for the top 20% of the population is an estimated 59% and for the bottom 20% it is an estimated 49%, a narrower difference than the OECD average gap of 13 percentage points.

In general, Slovenians are less satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, Slovenians gave it a 5.8 grade on average, lower than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Surveys: Slovenia 2017

The 2017 Survey makes key policy recommendations to secure fiscal sustainability through pension and health care reform. In addition, the Survey recommends measures to enhance economic growth by boosting investment incentives in human and physical capital.

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Slovenia in Detail