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indicator value unit
Population 10.5 mil.
Visitors per year 24 mil.
Renewable energy 7.5 %

How’s Life?

The Czech Republic performs well in many measures of well-being in the Better Life Index. The Czech Republic ranks above average in personal security, education and skills, social connections, subjective well-being, and work-life balance. It ranks below average in jobs and earnings, housing, health status, income and wealth, and civic engagement.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In the Czech Republic, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is USD 18 953 a year, less than the OECD average of USD 29 016 a year. But there is a considerable gap between the richest and poorest – the top 20% of the population earn nearly four times as much as the bottom 20%.

In terms of employment, some 69% of people aged 15 to 64 in the Czech Republic have a paid job, higher than the OECD employment average of 66%. Some 77% of men are in paid work, compared with 61% of women. In the Czech Republic, 6% of employees work very long hours, below the 13% OECD average, with 9% of men working very long hours compared with just 2% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In the Czech Republic, 93% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, well above the OECD average of 76% and the highest rate in the OECD. This is truer of men than women, as 95% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 91% of women. In terms of education quality, the average student scored 500 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA). This score is slightly higher than the OECD average of 497. On average in the Czech Republic, girls outperformed boys by 9 points, slightly more than the OECD average of 8 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in the Czech Republic is almost 78 years, two years lower than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 81 years, compared with 75 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 16.5 micrograms per cubic meter, higher than the OECD average of 14.05 micrograms per cubic meter. The Czech Republic also does well in terms of water quality, as 88% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, higher than the OECD average of 81%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and moderate levels of civic participation in the Czech Republic, where 90% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, more than the OECD average of 88%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 59% during recent elections; this figure is lower than the OECD average of 68%. Social and economic status can affect voting rates; voter turnout for the top 20% of the population is an estimated 68% and for the bottom 20% it is an estimated 49%, a considerably wider gap than the OECD average gap of 13 percentage points, and points to shortcomings in the political mobilisation of the worst-off.

In general, Czechs are slightly more satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, Czechs gave it a 6.6 grade, slightly higher than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Surveys: Czech Republic 2016

This 2016 OECD Economic Survey of the Czech Republic examines recent economic developments, policies and prospects. The special chapters cover:Fostering productivity for sustainable convergence; Public sector effectiveness.

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Czech Republic in Detail