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indicator value unit
Population 5.5 mil.
Visitors per year 8.8 mil.
Renewable energy 7.6 %

How’s Life?

The Slovak Republic performs well in some measures of well-being in the Better Life Index. The Slovak Republic ranks above the average in social connections, civic engagement, personal security, and work-life balance, but below average in health status, income and wealth, education and skills, environmental quality, subjective well-being, housing,  and jobs and earnings. These rankings are based on available selected data.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In the Slovak Republic, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is USD 20 474 a year, lower than the OECD average of USD 33 604 a year. There is a considerable gap between the richest and poorest – the top 20% of the population earn almost four times as much as the bottom 20%.

In terms of employment, around 66% of people aged 15 to 64 in the Slovak Republic have a paid job, below the OECD employment average of 68%. Some 72% of men are in paid work, compared with 60% of women. In the Slovak Republic, some 4% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 11%, with 6% of men working very long hours compared with just 2% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In the Slovak Republic, 91 of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, much higher than the OECD average of 78% and among the highest rates in the OECD. This is truer of men than women, as 93% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 90% of women. In terms of the quality of the educational system, the average student scored 463 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), lower than the OECD average of 486. On average in the Slovak Republic, girls outperformed boys by 10 points, higher than the OECD average of 2 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in the Slovak Republic is 77 years, three years lower than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 81 years, compared with 74 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 20.6 micrograms per cubic meter, higher than the OECD average of 13.9 micrograms per cubic meter. The Slovak Republic is line with the OECD average in terms of water quality, as 85 of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, higher than the OECD average of 81%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and moderate level of civic participation in the Slovak Republic, where 91% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, slightly higher than the OECD average of 89%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 60% during recent elections,lower than the OECD average of 68%. Voter turnout for the top 20% of the population is an estimated 73% and for the bottom 20% it is an estimated 68%, much narrower than the OECD average gap of 13 percentage points, and suggests there is broad social inclusion in the Slovak Republic’s democratic institutions.

In general, Slovaks are less satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, Slovaks gave it a 6.2 grade on average, lower than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Surveys: Slovak Republic

OECD’s periodic surveys of the Slovak economy. Each edition surveys the major challenges faced by the country, evaluates the short-term outlook, and makes specific policy recommendations. Special chapters take a more detailed look at specific challenges. Extensive statistical information is included in charts and graphs.

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Slovak Republic in Detail