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indicator value unit
Population 0.6 mil.
Visitors per year 0.9 mil.
Renewable energy 3.2 %

How’s Life?

Luxembourg performs well in many measures of well-being relative to most other countries in the Better Life Index. Luxembourg ranks top in income and wealth, above average in social connections, civic engagement, jobs and earnings, work-life balance, personal security, subjective well-being, health status, environmental quality, and housing, but below average in education and skills. These rankings are based on available selected data.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Luxembourg, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is USD 39 264, much higher than the OECD average of USD 33 604  a year. There is a considerable gap between the richest and poorest – the top 20% of the population earn nearly five times as much as the bottom 20%.

In terms of employment, about 66% of people aged 15 to 64 in Luxembourg have a paid job, slightly below the OECD employment average of 68%. Some 70% of men are in paid work, compared with 63% of women. In Luxembourg, almost 4% of employees work very long hours, less than the OECD average of 11%, with 6% of men working very long hours compared with just 2% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In Luxembourg, 77% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, slightly lower than the OECD average of 78%. This is truer of men than women, as 77% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 76% of women. In terms of the quality of the education system, the average student scored 483 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), lower than the OECD average of 486. On average in Luxembourg, girls outperformed boys by 1 point, slightly lower than the average OECD gap of 2 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Luxembourg is 83 years, three years higher than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 85 years, compared with 80 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 12.2 micrograms per cubic meter, lower than the OECD average of 13.9 micrograms per cubic meter. Luxembourg does well in terms of water quality, as 84% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, higher than the OECD average of 81%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and high levels of civic participation in Luxembourg, where 93% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, more than the OECD average of 89%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 91% during recent elections. This figure is one of the highest in the OECD, where the average is 68%, and reflects the practice of compulsory voting in Luxembourg.

In general, people in Luxembourg are more satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, people in Luxembourg gave it a 6.9 grade on average, higher than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Surveys: Luxembourg

OECD’s periodic surveys of Luxembourg’s economy. Each edition surveys the major challenges faced by the country, evaluates the short-term outlook, and makes specific policy recommendations. Special chapters take a more detailed look at specific challenges. Extensive statistical information is included in charts and graphs.

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Luxembourg in Detail