Lithuania

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indicator value unit
Population mil.
Visitors per year mil.
Renewable energy %

How’s Life?

Lithuania performs well in few measures of well-being in the Better Life Index, ranking above the average in education and skills, and work-life balance. It is below the average in income and wealth, jobs and earnings, housing, health status, social connections, civic engagement, environmental quality, personal security, and subjective well-being. These rankings are based on available selected data.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Lithuania, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is USD 21 660 a year, lower than the OECD average of USD 33 604 a year. There is a considerable gap between the richest and poorest – the top 20% of the population earn more than seven times as much as the bottom 20%.

In terms of employment, 70% of people aged 15 to 64 in Lithuania have a paid job, slightly above the OECD employment average of 68%. Some 71% of men are in paid work, compared with 70% of women. In Lithuania, 0.5% of employees work very long hours, considerably less than the OECD average of 11%, with 0.7% of men working very long hours compared with just 0.4% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In Lithuania, 93% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, higher than the OECD average of 78%. This is truer of women than men, as nearly 95% of women have successfully completed high-school compared with 90% of men. In terms of the quality of the educational system, the average student scored 475 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), less than the OECD average of 486 points. On average in Lithuania, girls outperformed boys by 15 points, much higher than the average OECD gap of 2 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Lithuania is 75 years, five years below the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 80 years, compared with 70 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 13.6 micrograms per cubic meter, lower than the OECD average of 13.9 micrograms per cubic meter. Lithuania performs in line with the OECD average in terms of water quality, as 81% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a strong sense of community and a moderate level of civic participation in Lithuania, where 88% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, slightly less than the OECD average of 89%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 51% during recent elections, lower than the OECD average of 68%.

In general, Lithuanians are less satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, Lithuanians gave it a 5.9 grade on average, lower than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.

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OECD Economic Surveys: Lithuania

OECD’s periodic surveys of Lithuania's economy. Each edition surveys the major challenges faced by the country, evaluates the short-term outlook, and makes specific policy recommendations.

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Lithuania in Detail