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indicator value unit
Population 8.4 mil.
Visitors per year 3.5 mil.
Renewable energy 4.88 %

How’s Life?

Israel performs well in few measures of well-being in the Better Life Index. Israel ranks above the average in jobs and earnings, personal security, health status, civic engagement, and subjective well-being, and below average in income and wealth, education and skills, housing, environmental quality, work-life balance, and social connections. These rankings are based on available selected data.

Money, while it cannot buy happiness, is an important means to achieving higher living standards. In Israel, the average household net-adjusted disposable income per capita is lower than the OECD average of USD 33 604  a year.

In terms of employment, around 69% of people aged 15 to 64 in Israel have a paid job, slightly above the OECD employment average of 68%. Some 73% of men are in paid work, compared with 66% of women. In Israel, 15% of employees work very long hours, more than the OECD average of 11%. About 23% of men work very long hours compared with 7% of women.

Good education and skills are important requisites for finding a job. In Israel, 87% of adults aged 25-64 have completed upper secondary education, higher than the OECD average of 78%. This is truer of women than men, as 87% of men have successfully completed high-school compared with 88% of women. In terms of the quality of the education system, the average student scored 472 in reading literacy, maths and science in the OECD's Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA), below the OECD average of 486. On average in Israel, girls outperformed boys by 3 points, slightly more than the average OECD gap of 2 points.

In terms of health, life expectancy at birth in Israel is 83 years, three years higher than the OECD average of 80 years. Life expectancy for women is 84 years, compared with 81 for men. The level of atmospheric PM2.5 – tiny air pollutant particles small enough to enter and cause damage to the lungs – is 21.1 micrograms per cubic meter, one of the highest levels in the OECD where average is of 13.9 micrograms per cubic meter. Israel could also perform better in terms of water quality, as only 67% of people say they are satisfied with the quality of their water, lower than the OECD average of 81%.

Concerning the public sphere, there is a sense of community and moderate levels of civic participation in Israel, where 88% of people believe that they know someone they could rely on in time of need, broadly in line with the OECD average of 89%. Voter turnout, a measure of citizens' participation in the political process, was 72% during recent elections, higher than with the OECD average of 68%. Social and economic status can affect voting rates; voter turnout for the top 20% of the population is an estimated 75% and for the bottom 20% it is an estimated 67%, a narrower gap than the OECD average gap of 13 percentage points.

In general, Israelis are more satisfied with their lives than the OECD average. When asked to rate their general satisfaction with life on a scale from 0 to 10, Israelis gave it a 7.2 grade on average, higher than the OECD average of 6.5.

For more information on estimates and years of reference, see FAQ section and BLI database.


OECD in Action

OECD Economic Surveys: Israel

OECD's periodic reviews of Israel's economy. Each survey examines recent economic developments, policy, and prospects, and presents a series of recommendations.

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Israel in Detail